A rich structures have been used in various forms of construction for thousands of years. The earliest arch structures date back to ancient times when crude arch prototypes were constructed by building a corbelled arch in which projecting elements from a wall rose in steps to meet at the center. The Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans all used the arch for various types of structures, including sewers, aqueducts, bridges, and ornamental architectural buildings such as palaces and churches. The fact that many of these ancient structures are still standing today is a testament to the durability and structural integrity of this design. Fast-forward 2000 years to modern construction practices, and the benefits of the arch design are still as valuable, relevant, and practical as ever.
Various Uses for Arch Culverts
Among the many modern-day uses of arch culverts are culverts, storm drains, bridges, cut and cover tunnels, pedestrian and equestrian underpasses, golf cart crossings, underground vaults and reservoirs, and environmentally sensitive wash-crossing structures. These types of crossings can be constructed on spread footings and without concrete inverts, thereby maintaining the natural integrity of the wash bed. Detailed engineering studies have verified that arch culverts will have a similar life cycle to comparably reinforced concrete box culverts.
Benefits of Arch Culverts
The advantages of using shotcrete arch culverts over traditional formed and poured concrete box culverts, concrete pipe, and corrugated metal pipe are as follows.