Shotcrete would work well either for the stack exterior or as an interior lining. The 2 in. (51 mm) thickness could be easily applied on either the outside or inside surfaces.
For the 9 ft (3 m) diameter stack, it would be easier and more cost-effective to scaffold and gun the inside of the stack. The work could be done with less difficulty, from an interior hanging platform suspended with sky climbers. There would be less cost involved with rigging than there would be with scaf­­folding or rigging around the outside circumference of the stack.
For the 4.92 ft (1.5 m) diameter stack, there is much less room to work inside, so unfortunately it may need to be gunned on the outside.