This type of application is very common. Either wet- or dry-process shotcrete can be used successfully. The mixture should contain a minimal amount of coarse aggregate and be rich in cementitious material to minimize rebound. Generally either 2 x 2 in. (50 x 50 mm) 14 gauge or 2 x 4 in. (50 x 100 mm) 12 or 14 gauge welded wire fabric is used. The wire fabric needs to be spaced off the surface of the steel pipe to allow the shotcrete to encase the wire properly. This can be accomplished by welding studs or nuts on the pipe surface and securing the wire to them.