Each retaining wall needs to be engineered for the specific job conditions. However it is fairly common to see two layers of reinforcing bars in a wall of this thickness. In addition to reinforcing the wall, the steel would help support the shotcrete during placement. If drying shrinkage crack control is an issue, synthetic fibers may be added. Shrinkage in shotcrete mixes may be higher than a poured concrete with a 1″ (25mm) maximum sized coarse aggregate content, and higher cement/cementitious material content. This may be partially offset by a slightly lower water/cementitious material ratio in a shotcrete mixture.