This has been done in the past to improve hydraulic capacity and provide better wear resistance in the invert. Typically, the minimum cover over the corrugation is 2 to 3 in. (51 to 76 mm) with a welded-wire fabric either welded or otherwise attached to the corrugated pipe. The cover could likely be reduced with the use of structural fibers of either steel or synthetic material. Steel fibers and wire mesh should not be used together. Care must be taken to specify the required finish. This application would likely benefit from a smooth trowel or light broom finish. A light broom finish is preferable from a safety standpoint, as a trowel finish creates a very slippery surface both during construction and for the maintenance at a later date. In addition to the hydraulic and wear characteristics, once shotcreted, the entire pipe will become a composite section with improved structural characteristics. It should be noted that the pipe must be large enough for workers to work in safely and productively. This would mean an absolute minimum of 48 in. (1219 mm) and preferably larger.

A knowledgeable contractor will develop a mixture and procedures to ensure that the timing of the subsequent blast is compatible with the set time of the shotcrete. Preconstruction testing should be required to establish the set time (both early and final set) to assist in developing the sequence of operations. The set time will also be impacted by the site conditions, such as temperature.