Shotcrete is a method of building a structure using a concrete mixture. A shotcrete mixture likely would exceed the compressive strength of most mixtures used for placed walls because the application of shotcrete requires a much lower water-cementitious material ratio than commonly found in residential wall mixtures. A shotcrete mixture will have a water-cementitious material ratio of approximately 0.50, yielding a compressive strength of about 4000 psi at 28 days. Poured wall mixtures have ratios of approximately 0.70 and compressive strengths of 2500 to 3000 psi. The lower water-cementitious material ratios of shotcrete mixtures produce other benefits such as reduced shrinkage and lower permeability. Additionally, the greater compaction of shotcrete achieved through the velocity of placement improves compressive strength and durability.