Refer to ACI 506.1R-08, “Guide to Fiber-Reinforced Shotcrete,” at for guidance on fiber types and dosages. Glass fibers are seldom (if ever) used in shotcrete because they tend to break under the high velocity required for shotcrete. Steel or macrosynthetic fibers should be used at about 0.4 to 0.5 volume percent to control hardened shotcrete cracking, 50 to 66 lb/yd3 (30 to 39 kg/m3) for steel (specific gravity (SG) of 7.85), and 6 to 7.5 lb/yd3 (3.6 to 4.5 kg/m3) for macrosynthetic polypropylene (SG of 0.91). Fiber suppliers can provide more technical guidance for their products. You can locate fiber suppliers by visiting the ASA Online Buyers Guide at