A pH of 5.7 is slightly acidic, while 9.7 is quite alkaline. According to PCA’s “Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures,” most inorganic acids have no adverse effect on concrete. Organic acids (such as tannic acid) can significantly reduce strength when present in higher concentrations. Some alkaline materials, such as sodium hydroxide, in higher concentrations may cause a quick set. However, because this occurs in the rainy season, another factor that may have an impact is an increase in dissolved solids. PCA states that solid contents exceeding 50,000 ppm can increase water demand, accelerate set, lower compressive strength, and increase permeability of the hardened concrete. The appropriate test for acceptable non-potable concrete mixing water is ASTM C1602/C1602M, “Standard Specification for Mixing Water Used in the Production of Hydraulic Cement Concrete.”