As you have noted, shotcrete has been used extensively to reinforce unreinforced or under-reinforced masonry walls and rock walls. It has been used on the Crater Lake Lodge to strengthen and stabilize a rock wall foundation and any number of other projects. In California, shotcrete has been used to strengthen or repair walls since the 1933 Long Beach Earthquake. It was used to strengthen the California State Capitol (3 ft [0.9 m] thick brick walls) in the late 1970s and all of the older unreinforced masonry walls for the San Francisco School District. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no failures of shotcrete strengthening on the West Coast in the past 80 years.