Rebound is an essential element in the application of shotcrete. Rebound is defined as follows: œMainly large aggregate with some sand and cement that bounces or ricochets off the receiving surface and falls on to lower surfaces.1 There is a vital function that is achieved in the rebounding of shotcrete. The secret lies in knowing how much rebound is enough. To paint a mental picture for the reader to understand rebound, consider a baseball. If you take a baseball and dip it into some fresh concrete and pull it out, it will be covered with mortar”a paste consisting of the cement and fine aggregate and water”that acts as the glue required to create an artificial rock called œconcrete. If you took this baseball covered with mortar and threw it at a high velocity against a solid block wall at a 90-degree angle to the wall, the ball would strike the surface and bounce off. Because the paste is also in motion at 95 miles per hour and the paste is not securely bonded to the ball, some paste will leave the surface of the baseball, contact the wall, and adhere to the surface. In layman™s terms, it would œsplat onto the wall. The harder the baseball is thrown, the more the paste would leave the surface of the