The art of rehabilitation of tunnels has flourished and developed significantly over the last couple of decades. Several hundred railroad, highway, and conveyance tunnels have been successfully rehabilitated, converted, and/or enlarged. Much of this development can be attributed to the successful use of steel fiber-reinforced shotcrete. The flexibility and adaptable nature of steel-fiber microsilica shotcrete is ideal for rehabilitation of tunnels. Thanks to shotcrete, enlargement and rehabilitation of tunnels without fully taking the tunnel out of service is not only technically but also economically feasible consid-ering the cost of other alternatives including the œdo nothing alternative. Enlargement was usually accomplished by raising the crown but some have been enlarged by lowering the invert, which is much more difficult and time-consuming.